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Please note - the following is designed to be only an outline history of Jubilee locomotives. For further information, I recommend referring to the books and magazines listed in the bibliography.

Between 1934 and 1936, the London, Midland & Scottish Railway introduced 191 new 4-6-0 passenger locomotives, to work express trains on routes such as the former Midland line from St. Pancras. Although they did not attain the prominence of some of the more powerful express locos, they were hard-working and could be found through-out the LMS area. They were designed by William Stanier (later Sir William), and although they had problems with poor steaming at first, they lasted into the 1960's, being withdrawn as a result of British Railways modernisation plans.

For a large class, they were fortunate in having a good safety record. The most serious accident involving a Jubilee was the tragic crash at Harrow & Wealdstone, in October 1952. This led to the withdrawal of No 45637, Windward Islands, which was damaged beyond repair. With the exception of this engine, the first withdrawal was 45609 Gilbert And Ellice Islands, in September 1960. The last remaining loco, 45562 Alberta, was not withdrawn until November 1967, only a few months before steam on British Railways was completely ended.

The Jubilees were given the classification of 5XP (BR 6P), and most of them retained this rating through their working lives. Two engines, however, were rebuilt with a larger boiler in 1942, and re-classified as 6P (BR 7P).


This page was last updated on Friday, 31 August 2012.

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